In 2000 the Organization of African Unity transformed itself into the African Union.(John Duglas International Law: A South African Perspective (2005) 549.) The Constitutive Act of the African Union contemplated this conversion and reaffirmed the determination of African countries to promote and protect people's right in accordance with the African Charter on Human and People's Rights.(The Constitutive Act of the African Union adopted in Lome, Togo, on 11 July 2000 and entered into force on 26 May 2001 Article 3.) However, the recent alarming situation of corporations' complicity in the violation of the Eritrea people's right to economic self-determination raises so many question about the social licence and human-rights responsibilities of these corporations when operating in the African continent.(Human Right Watch, Hear no evil, Forced labor and corporate responsibility in Eritrea's mining sector,2003 Electronic publication of 15 July 2013 http://www.hrw.org/reports/2013/01/15_ hear-no-evil-0.) The situation of economic slavery, in which the Peoples of Eritrea are living in, challenges the alignment of the African human-right framework or, arguably,exhibits the irrelevance of international human-rights norms to the context of the African countries. I Challenge human-rights activists to evaluate the concept of people's right to economic self-determination in the context of the African Charter on Human and People's Rights (The African Charter on Human and Peoples' Rights, also sometimes called the Banjul Charter, was adopted by the OAU in Nairobi, Kenya, on 27 June 1981 and entered into force on 21 October 1986) , and the correlated obligations which conflicts which the actual endorsed UN framework on human rights and transnational corporations and other business enterprises (The actual UN human-right framework on human-rights and transnational corporations and other business enterprises was adopted by the Human Rights Council in its resolution 17/4 of the 6th of July 2011 U.N.Doc. A/HRC/RES/17/4).